Light shadows, darken minds

Another basic advantage of cultural clash and transition is that people on the frontier between different modes of experience develop a great power of generalization. McGeoch says (p.3961): “Generalization, likewise, is a form of transfer whether at the comparatively elementary level of conditioned responses .. . or at the complex level of abstract scientific generalization, where a single statement sums up a myriad of particulars.”“

The Gutenberg Galaxy Marshall McLuhan

The relationship between general and most else about language maybe quite arbitrary.

Asakusa is an old part of Tokyo,,

Politicians may call each other names —general names— and listeners put their own particulars to the subject . . .It connects to their heart, but knot to their minds making the issues unimportant.

Its much easy-easy- easier than being specific. Calling your opponent a socialist is lot easier than having an intelligent, detailed argument against their policies.

Nakamise  Street runs along the walkway to Sensoji, the most widely visited religious site in the world .is a temple dedicated to Bodhisattva Kannon (Avalokiteshvara in Sanskrit; Guanyin in Chinese)..

Often the particulars do not smoothly fall under the general category.

Sensoji , builtin 645 CE is dedicated to Bodhisattva Kannon who hears the cries of people around the world. Also known as Guanyin in China and Avalokiteshvara in India,

And the one that flags my mind is when two particulars are generalized together to appear equal by distorting the truth with a false particular category. On ordinal level questions, such as Strongly agree, agree, no opinion, disagree, strongly disagree. there may be 1 in the strongly agree and 350 in the agree and the summary will say that “351 strongly agree or agree ” which mis represents the data.

They were laughing at me so I made a photograph of their sense of humor.

Just around a corner, can be a block or two off a very main street, The February Cafe: with living quarters on the second and third floors, maybe the owners are elderly, retired, live upstairs, rent out the store on the first floor and an eldest son is waiting for an inheritance and a big tax bill.. I think Japanese in general prefer inexpensive -but-real rather expensive-but-fake.

What could be in the empty, assembled, unused boxes in the lower right?

Skytree is always there. Tokyo is a big city, its a safe city, you can walk just about anywhere safely. Japan has thriving competitive businesses and offices, homes and apartments everywhere. Its about a 20 minute walk from where I like to stay, across the bridge, over the river, to Skytree.. When you cross the river looking left, you can see the Asahi Kin no unko (金のうんこ) or “golden poo-turd. But here its just life as usual

Alameda Creek

Its my belief that religion and politics should be separated from each other, well not necessarily in politics in general, but in a society, which is politically constructed for democracy, Democracy is dependent on informed, knowledgable individuals having a vocabulyrical grasp of common communication, an understanding of their own interests, and knowing what they are willing to compromise on“ ”freedoms” for a more civil society where laws and norms increasingly reflect the commonweal . . .

Different individuals have different measurements regarding their freedoms—what is defined as a freedom for one person may be a tyranny for another .

Human beings do not understand much about human behavior but most of us think, or believe, we do, and often have strong opinions about why people do things especially the less we know or understand about who they are and what they are doing.

What you know and how you know it are the two important parts of knowledge—what is it you know and how is it you know it. Science has a Scientific Method, where how you do the experiment is as important as the findings of the experiment. Perhaps not so much how you do it, but how accurately you record how you do it.

Scientific data is empirical, meaning, when another person “ has the experiment methodology information, (usually a scientist, but technically any person) after reading that information, they can do the exact same experiment, and what is the same in both experiments is that the person(s) who does the experiment possess the capability to input data based on the “Same Visual Tools of Observation.” because the in-put sensory tools are human biological senses — i.e. sight, smell, taste,, sound and touch. In science people can always check someone else’s work using the same tools to experience the experiment.

Whatever experiences are in the “knowable range” of human senses are both a benchmark standard qualification and a yardstick quantification.

Humans have feelings and words for those feelings but its not like a cup of water which is the same from one cup to another— people’s personal feelings and words may or may not be the same, but humans do not have the ability to know what whether they are . We cannot get into “the heads of others.” to know someone’s unique feeling sand thoughts and actually, often we are unable to accurately assess our experiences of the common ones we have.

But still we believe we understand others. Religious experiences are personal and unique, people cannot duplicate the religious experiences of another and even if we did , we cannot know we did., even when the words we speak to describe it sound the same.

Religion is mostly “faith-based” beliefs about unanswerable questions regarding some kind of “Highest Level of Truth.” Beliefs about Truth, Your Highest Truth is what you believe to be True, that would be the last thing you want to compromise.. On Earth there are groups of people who believe in different religions.

Politics is about the power to control lives, and the legal right to unilaterally use police or military force to realize that control.

When religion joins with political power, it combines the right of law with particular standard of a belief, A belief is not an empirical reality, many different peoples have many different beliefs.rLaw on the other hand, being political, is written. codified, and enforced, and ideally in a liberal democracy enforced equally but in an authoritarian society law is a tool for social control and personal political power.

You cannot compromise your truth, i.e. your religious beliefs, and when you join them with political power, and the issue is a religious belief there can be no compromise. Religion and democracy do not fit because they do not increase the the power of democracy to settle political differences of opinion through compromise and do increase the likelihood that differences of opinion will be settled by the use of force.

Every time you are in a political situation when different views are held and one view of those involves a religious truth, that side will have a faith based reason to never compromise. If they hold political power, it may mean possible legally sanctioned outcomes such as killing, prison and more, politically legitimized by their belief.

There are real people along Alameda Creek, people who live and will die, who have opinions, maybe different than mine. but when we are on the creek we are together for the same reason, to get some outdoor exercise. In this sense Alameda Creek is an equalizer..

And much of world history is wars between religions, and/ or religion being used to justify war.

Oh my name it ain’t nothin’
My age it means less
The country I come from
Is called the Midwest
I was taught and brought up there
The laws to abide
And that land that I live in
Has God on its side

With God on My Side Bob Dylan

Your religious beliefs are about how you behave, mine about how I behave, but political power should never be used to push or force one’s religion on another. It needs to be independent of religious beliefs.

He’s a Catholic, a Hindu, an Atheist, a Jain
A Buddhist, and a Baptist, and a Jew
And he knows he shouldn’t kill
And he knows he always will

Kill you for me, my friend, and me for you

Universal Soldier written by Buffy Saint Marie

When you mix religion and political power, when trying to force your religious beliefs on others, you believe you are Working for Truth, and it always results in using political power to justify violence and killing.


EndPapers is often focused on “religious” or philosophical themes, some “usual things” juxtaposed with some ”more usual things” and often images of myself. ordered in an illogical way. Its not meant to make sense until it does, but that may be a long time away, either ahead or behind.

While waiting in line to buy gas gas, this shirt stood in front of me, I had to wonder, Is God the Father to be feared? Would you believe in a God who you were afraid of?

Why is there discontent in a society.? Is there Good discontent and Bad discontent? This photograph is maybe 80 years ago in the US. Few of us in the USA live like in this photograph. (Photo from Building America)

Science developed the knowledge that made our lives possible and humanbeings developed science.

And this is me “in the back” maybe 30 years later. The mother above would be about 60 years old then, child might be 30 if still alive. Compared to her and her child it seems I had a much easier material life.

I don’t really know who clicked the shutter,, nor did I know this image was in the can until after I developed the film. I don’t remember ever giving my camera to someone else to hold, I had NikonF then and rolled my own tri-x , 30 frames to a roll. I don’t remember what she was doing,

Even when we think we know what is in someone’s mind by the expression on their face, often we are fooled by what is in our own mind.or maybe its just me that is so easily fooled.

Buddhists monks having lunch after morning chanting. Local people bring food to the temple each day.

Washing one of the 47 graves (+2, Lord Asano Naganori and his wife ) at Sengakuji. The graves are up from the main temple. I buy some incense to burn at each grave. It was a bright Sunny late October afternoon , we were the only ones in this section.

Sengakuji is a Soto zen temple. My wife’s family temple is a satellite of Eiheiji, the home temple of Soto zen.

My wife is from Nagoya area where Lord Kira was quite popular. The story is simple, Lord Asano was disgraced by a non-elected deep state self serving bureaucratic and was sentenced to be disgracefully executed.. HIs samurai retainers lost their job becoming ronin, disbanded and disappeared, only to have 47 emerge in the snow one December evening, kidnap Lord Kira, take him to Sengakuji and cut off his head. Their reward was they were allowed to commit seppuku.

Gate gate paragate, parasangate bodhi svaha

Lightly, with less entropy please

Decoration or message—or just early Art!

Marks inscribed on a shell believed by scientists to be made by Homo Erectus, perhaps a million, or a little less, years ago. Homo Erectus were on Earth for 2 million years. Homo Sapiens for maybe 300,000. The photograph shows “human like” intentionally made markings.

Link to In Our Time BBC4 podcast on Homo Erectus

What was Art to a Homo Erectus? A visual meaning? perhaps a mark meant a sound? Ownership of the shell? Directions to some place? Its interesting to speculate how language evolved and how art—marks on paper— came to represent sounds, and increasingly more complex sounds.

What was the meaning of these marks, made 500,000 years ago ?

Part of the letters –“O”— and “P” in the word “STOP. ” painted on a street, it appears when they reprinted the word “STOP”, the new letters did not register on the previous printed ones.. Perhaps human beings 30,000 years in the future might encounter this street and with little else known about it, make theories and judgements about the past. .

From somewhere in the history of human development, standing erect and increasing the ability of our mind-network to enable the development of language. and ways of recording it, was a big step in the evolution of humans. . How much was carried over from previous human species? While it seems like a big difference between humans and other primates, it took over hundreds of millions of years for life to evolve the ability to read and write and to have a complex language .

Sengai’s brush of the three basic shapes of the Universe..

How long until humans develop drawing ? The very first drawings must have been very “primitive. ”Or perhaps only when the drawing could communicate was it shared with others while the practice efforts were kept out of sight, and site, until the drawing was good enough.

Spoken or written, words are amazing, If there is a finite number of things in the universe , should we be able to compare different languages and find the match for each “thing” word. which represents a same thing. Will a more complex society have more found more of the “things” than a less complex society? Or maybe we find that languages have words for things which don’t match .

Maybe some Creator created these different kind of people to be able to sit in a relaxer chair and for entertainment , watch the people killing each other. starving, suffering. Maybe Art is more than enough—Art who?

Alameda Creek

A background feels staying in the same place, while the blue person moves between two trees .I think of things n t in the photograph—person, tree, ground, stones, shoes, fence, house, window, hat, hands, legs, feet, roof, facia, leaves, —hands feet, head, they are part of the person,

Red works well in front of dark green, they are complimentary colors.. A photograph can be a very complex thing. .Understanding a photograph is for the mind to identify enough of the things and their relationship to each other to have a word which summarizes the “meaning” of the image.

In the process of differentiating and defining the things in the photograph so you have a word to express what is the meaning of the mage the viewer has gone beyond the visual experience.

Having the mind give you a word to“understand“what is the meaning of the photograph , the viewer has stepped beyond—left behind so to say— the visual experience of the photograph and settled for a literal meaning.

The literal meaning is usually different than the meaning of the visual experience.

We all have our own visual experience, it is unique just as our own lives are unique, But our mind gives us a literal meaning, which is not only separate from the visual experience, . . .

The literal meaning, a word or perhaps a group of words, are abstractions. The word is not the experience, but a conceptual representation of the visual experience, which is a part of language, a set of words or sounds which are common to a society of those that use the words. Its the interactive process of using the words, i.e. speaking and listening with others, that gives mind the power to define the visual experience in words.and enable language to work as a tool for communication among people.

The unique visual experience of the individual’s eye becomes secondary, perhaps unimportant, when the mind summarizes and defines that experience with words. Language , a tool that enables communication among people, also works to give us a shared common experience of life. We have the experience of seeing, but the mind tells us what it is we we see. .

Unless you are a visual artist, and took a color and/or design class where the teacher taught you to experience what you see and not what your mind tells you what you see.


One night Buddha’s mother, Mahamaya dreamed that a beautiful white elephant had entered her womb through her side and fortune tellers predicted a chakravartin—a “wheel turner””—would be born who would become a great emperor or a great holy man..

Buddha’s father, .fearing the latter, kept his son confined to the castle grounds—grounded so to speak—until one day, after marriage and having children, the Buddha to-be- took a chariot ride around town during which he saw disturbing situations of suffering and an emaciated monk trying to understand it. Soon after, he left his home and family to find enlightenment.

Buddhism has a vast quantity of visual, literal, sound and architectural art.historically spread through, and adjusted by, different cultures over the past 2500 years. It spread through East Asia over the silk road to China, Japan and Korea..Sutras, perhaps originally written in Sanskrit were translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Malay, and more languages, Today sutras have been translated into western languages,

With so many translations built on previous translations how can we know what it was that Buddha actually said?

I like the grounds, it feels quiet, peaceful, and Buddha is shining.. Sometimes I wonder if Buddhism isn’t just another con job? Awaken the Buddha inside of you!! Escape the unending cycles of suffering and reincarnation! !

Would you choose never to experience the sufferings of life if it meant never experiencing life? Were the unhappinesses of life worth the happinesses?

“You win a few, you lose a few. Some get rained out. But you got to dress for all of them.” 

 Satchel Paige (One of the greatest pitchers in US baseball)

A little car, a narrow house, and a small garden, but maybe this whole story I just told you has little or nothing to do with reality.

Gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha

Lightlylessly warped records

Sensoji : Gate at Kaminarimon , Asakusa, entrance to Nakamise-dori (street) leading to Sensoji..

“ji” means temple, but often in translation the writer or editor will use “Sensoji temple” but they are actually saying “Senso Temple Temple. ”

In translation I prefer the author to use the untranslated term for some words which work better in the native language because it builds the vocabulary of the reader and gives a better feeling for the term. Readers can figure out a lot of meaning on their own, they don’t need baby steps and on the WWW its quick moment to search the native meaning.

Day or night its a popular place

Visitors can purchase a printed caligraphy good luck charm, for about 10,000¥ or a prayer for improved family relations.

Sensoji is dedicated to Kannon—Guanyin in China; Avalokiteshvara in India —the Bodhisattva of Compassion and Mercy who hears the sounds of the world. It would not be allowed in some states in the USA, as in Lotus Sutra, when Avalokiteshvara is asked the method used to teach Dharma, the reply is any form that works: In India Avalokiteshvara is male, in China and Japan is female.

Alameda Creek

“Every technology contrived and outered by man has the power to numb human awareness during the period of its first interiorization.

The Gutenberg Galaxy Marshall McLuhan

For much of its existence of photography has been a tool for human beings to establish a common visual record about “things”. . .“that ’s what it really looks (or looked) like.”

Different than a drawing, or a wood block, or an etching, or a verbal or written description , a photograph of a thing is what it “really looks like.”

In spite of, that no photograph is the “real story” of what was in front of the camera, its only the image carried in the light that came through the lens of the camera, a camera which has been properly adjusted for exposure and focus. Is the out of focus image a photograph?

But for practical purposes, for most people the photo used to be considered a “real visual record of some thing.”

Very rarely did the viewer ask, “what is it?” and when they did the explanation usually answered the question., “Oh.I see it now.”

Digital technology and people come together to use the photograph in new ways.

The photograph is no longer some kind of “truth.”

For decades advertising has used manipulated photographic images to market products. but we, the viewers, knew the images were manipulated, With AI we do not know, maybe we can assume but that is like assuming every one you meet is lying, you cannot trust anyone and that is not much of a life.

In my photographs, there is no need to assume I am manipulating the image to fool, to lie, or indoctrinate the viewer. There is no more meaning other than just the visual experience of the shapes, the colors, the lines, the gestures, the textures, and there is no pretense of any “reality.” Just enjoy the visual experience of the photographic technical qualities without any hidden meaning and find your own stories in them.


A Non-Buddhist said to the Buddha, “I do not ask for words; I do not ask for silence.”Buddha sat quietly. The Non-Buddhist said admiringly, “The compassion of the World-Honoured One has opened the clouds of my illusion, and has enabled me to enter on the Way.” Making his salutations, he departed. Ananda then asked Buddha, “What was it theat Non-Buddhist realised, that he so praised you?” The World-Honoured One replied, “A high -class horse moves at even the shadow of the whip.”

Mumonkan Case XXXII Blythe translation

Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, about 1971.

Juxtapose a New Mexico weaving, a bizen tokurri and a japanese lacquer tray. on top of L. L. Bean chest of drawers.

When can you see where others do not look?

“Leaving homeland, parted from kin, banished to a strange place,
I wonder my heart feels so little anguish and pain.
Consulting Chuang Tzu, I find where I belong:
surely my home is there in Not-Even-Anythng land.

Selected Poems Po Chu-i translated by Burton Watson.

Gate gate paragate pasasangate bodhi svaha

Wrapping, ore writing, ore wat

“In the strict sense of the term, a true democracy has never existed and never will exist. It is contrary to the natural order that the majority govern and the minority be governed.”

Jean-Jacques Rousseau On the Social Contract translated by Judith R. Masters, edited by Roger D. Masters

The US does not have a history of gates like the old world.. Japan has been a civilization during the time when gates were common. The Chinese character is 門. Mumonkan is the gate of no gate. There is no gate to prevent you, or me, from entering , except the one we put there.

…There is no government so subject to civil wars and internal agitations as the democratic or popular one, because there is none that tends so strongly and constantly to change its form, nor that demands more vigilance and courage to be maintained in its own form.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau On the Social Contract , translated by Judith R. Masters, edited by Roger D. Masters

At Sensoji, people use their hand to drive the incense smoke to the part of their body that is suffering.

“Among us, the kings of England have established themselves as heads of the church and the czars have done the same thing. But by this title, they have made themselves not so much the masters as the ministers. They have acquired not so much the right to change it as the power to maintain it.”

Jean-Jacques Rousseau On the Social Contract, translated by Judith R. Masters, edited by Roger D. Masters

A small restaurant squashed between a family home and a high rise apartment building..Tokyo has a different sense of zoning laws, its an older society and land rights have been through a lot more history. But it does not stop the Japanese love for nature, a little garden is welcome anywhere in Tokyo.

“Men at first ad no other kings than the Gods, nor any other government than theocracy. They reasoned like Caligula, and then they reasoned correctly. A long period of change in sentiments and ideas was necessary before men could bring themselves to accept a fellow man as a master and flatter themselves that this was a good arrangement.”

Jean-Jacques Rousseau On the Social Contract, translated by Judith R. Masters, edited by Roger D. Masters

Alameda Creek

While In the bathroom, working to fix it up a little, into my vision came an ant walking across the tile . . .

My thought was I do not want ants in the house, and my reaction was to reach down and squash the ant. with my finger.

Ants are living things also,

If it were a spider I would catch it in my plastic empty Rx bottle and let it loose it outside. But an ant is too small, its too difficult to catch it and anyway, “Its just an ant.”

While walking along Alameda Creek last week I came across a person with two dogs , both off leash, (permissible on this side of the creek) . The dogs had occupied themselves with chasing a ground squirrel which one of them finally caught and killed.

I tried to to suggest to her that we are visitors to the home land of the ground squirrels, how would she like it if the ground squirrels came to her home and for their personal entertainment killed one of her dogs or perhaps a family member. or even herself?

She did not have voice control of her dogs, she stood there and watched as one of the out of control dogs and squirrel get into a fight and the dog, larger by a factor of 10, killed the squirrel .

A hawk being bombarded by a crow.which makes 5 or 6 attack runs, the hawk stands there non-plussed about the whole thing for about a minute, and then flies to a protected tree branch.

The wheel of life turns at its own pace, matter can neither be created or destroyed,

But it does change form.

form is not different from emptiness,
emptiness is not different from form:
form is emptiness,
emptiness is form.

from the Heart ‘Sutra

When you wake in the morn and find you’re lonely.
And I am on some far and distant shore.
Just remember it was I who loved you only.
It just happened so don’t worry anymore

Patrick Sky Many Times Before (song)

The thoughts I have (the photographs I make) and the people I meet may seem unrelated to you,
The moments I am with them connect me to their lives.
Tomorrow I may not see them or, ever again I might not see them . . .
And never no why.

.If I made it easy for you to understand the relationship between my photographs and my words you still might become just as confused as I am.


There are no words whatever in the Empty Kalpa. But when Buddha appears in the world, then words come into existence and consequently we are attached to these forms of things . . . Just because we are so attached to words we become limited, and lose our universal nature. The Great Way knows no wise man or foolish man, no saint or sinner. But when words and names exist, everything belongs to the finite. So the old master of Kosei says, “It is not mind, not Buddha, not things.”

The Mumonkan CaseXXXIV Nansen’s No Way Blyth translation

Seeing mycelph reflected in the afternoon light on the glass protecting a Nakayama print.

Summer weather in San Francisco, can be colder and windy in the city . . .

even when people are glad to be a long way from their home,

But at the end of the day a photograph can give me hope that tomorrow will be better, where else could I be if I should not find myself

 Avalokiteshvara is the compassion of all Buddhas and hears the sounds of humankind, regardless of age, gender, or social  standing.The Heart ‘Sutra was spoken to Shariputra by  Avalokiteshvara.

Gate gate paragate parasangate bodhi svaha

Trindle meye re-straynt

The Thousand Character Classic, also known as the Thousand Character Text, is a Chinese poem that has been used as a primer for teaching Chinese characters to children from the sixth century onward. Four characters in sets of two lines, and seven columns of categories, no character is repeated. While it is no longer formally used in school, individuals continue to use it for personal brush skill and knowledge.development.

Painting on the outside of a building looking down Market Street towards the Embarcadero in San Francisco,

Patterns of light in a window made of glass blocks—light and glass, the same thing that makes a photograph. As you look at these images. of my photographs

Alameda Creek

There will always be some one better than some one else; there will always be some thing better than another thing.

Its not because there is no better or worse, its because the words were in the past and are today, created by human beings and words o may have different meanings to different peoples,

Most words do have enough common meanings, close to it anyway, such that a society can survive the business of everyday life, can get it on enough so that the critical level of functioning as a society is met and life continues.

“Best” and “worst“ results could be measured by the degree of harmony or lack of harmony in the society, or whether the society continues or ceases to exist.

While the “process” of socialization is the same, i.e. children’s interaction with various members of society as they grow results in learning language, and behaviors which give them a personality, at best each person’s experiences are slightly different, and at worst they can be very different.

Imagine if every time people had a conversation it resulted in an argument over the meaning of the words being used.. At some point the society could not have solidarity, it would be chaotic and disfunctional.

At one time—the beginning— in the evolutionary development of people there were no words and over time people created words. Some words lost their meanings while new words came into being. .

It is the process of culture, children interact with society, learning a language and behavior which builds a common meaning of words among the individuals in a group. Learning a language both enables communication as well as creates a more shared view of reality.

But still each person’s experiences are unique, for that person alone.

When the experiences of individuals become more differentiated, among individuals in the society. the meaning of the words in the language becomes more diverse. Words are arbitrary and need a sense of the shared meaning for a group, such as a society to enable society to function. .When individuals learn words as a language they also develop a shared sense of meaning, a shared sense of what is “reality.”

Our society is influenced by fashion, not just what walks down the runway, but trends in society and a common “understanding of reality..” “Popularity” of a thing can become a measurement of the quality of the thing rather than a measurement of the functionality or use of the thing.


…I realized that I could never rightfully call a piece my own unless I had made all of it. The practice that I followed until then, of signing my name to pieces on which I merely add the surface decoration, came to seem less and less defensible. It was a shameful decoration: such pieces were collaborations , not my sole handiwork. Besides, the heart of a world of pottery is not its decoration, but how it is formed out of earth. To leave that essential process to an ingnorant artisan , and do only the finishing touches myself, was a perversion of the spirit of pottery making.”

Rosanjin, from UNCOMMON CLAY, The Life and Pottery of Rosanjin Sidney B. Cardozo/Masaaki Hirano

I met Tom one night at Rapson’s bar in Port Chester in 1964. He was in a heated discussion ina corner with some larger -than-he-was jocks about the war, we managed to flee before the heavy stuff started and have been friends ever since. He appeared at my door one day in South Dakota, stayed for awhile, met Nance and they returned to Connecticut , bought land and moved to Maine.

Stories long forgotten, yet retold in the weathered wood make a background.

Using gravity and a shoe box to sort the seeds from the stems, a skill I learned from Tom which later helped to ease my way out of a tense situation where I needed to actually show some “street creed” to legitimize myself.

The weathered facade of the house gave a feeling of their reason for being here in a more rural local of life.

Night grows late, I put poetry aside, breathe a long sigh.
By lamplight tears of old age dampen my white beard.
A scroll of old poems from twenty years ago—
of ten who wrote poems to match them, nine are no more.

Po Chu-i, Po Chu-i Selected Poems translated by BurtonWatson

For many years while walking along the Alameda Creek trail I might meet Charlene out raking the leaves. As our relationship grew, she increasingly suffered from Alzheimer’s. Her husband kept her at home for as long as possible until she passed in hospice at home last year.. My father suffered from it , and my mother also would not put him in a memory care facility, He died in hospice at home. Its a very special privilege to be chosen to care for someone while they are dying.

Gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha