“Another basic advantage of cultural clash and transition is that people on the frontier between different modes of experience develop a great power of generalization. McGeoch says (p.3961): “Generalization, likewise, is a form of transfer whether at the comparatively elementary level of conditioned responses .. . or at the complex level of abstract scientific generalization, where a single statement sums up a myriad of particulars.”“
The Gutenberg Galaxy Marshall McLuhan
The relationship between general and particular.like most else about language maybe quite arbitrary.
Asakusa is an old part of Tokyo,,
Politicians may call each other names —general names— and listeners put their own particulars to the subject . . .It connects to their heart, but knot to their minds making the issues unimportant.
Its much easy-easy- easier than being specific. Calling your opponent a socialist is lot easier than having an intelligent, detailed argument against their policies.
Nakamise Street runs along the walkway to Sensoji, the most widely visited religious site in the world .is a temple dedicated to Bodhisattva Kannon (Avalokiteshvara in Sanskrit; Guanyin in Chinese)..
Often the particulars do not smoothly fall under the general category.
Sensoji , builtin 645 CE is dedicated to Bodhisattva Kannon who hears the cries of people around the world. Also known as Guanyin in China and Avalokiteshvara in India,
And the one that flags my mind is when two particulars are generalized together to appear equal by distorting the truth with a false particular category. On ordinal level questions, such as Strongly agree, agree, no opinion, disagree, strongly disagree. there may be 1 in the strongly agree and 350 in the agree and the summary will say that “351 strongly agree or agree ” which mis represents the data.
They were laughing at me so I made a photograph of their sense of humor.
Just around a corner, can be a block or two off a very main street, The February Cafe: with living quarters on the second and third floors, maybe the owners are elderly, retired, live upstairs, rent out the store on the first floor and an eldest son is waiting for an inheritance and a big tax bill.. I think Japanese in general prefer inexpensive -but-real rather expensive-but-fake.
What could be in the empty, assembled, unused boxes in the lower right?
Skytree is always there. Tokyo is a big city, its a safe city, you can walk just about anywhere safely. Japan has thriving competitive businesses and offices, homes and apartments everywhere. Its about a 20 minute walk from where I like to stay, across the bridge, over the river, to Skytree.. When you cross the river looking left, you can see the Asahi Kin no unko (金のうんこ) or “golden poo-turd. But here its just life as usual
Its my belief that religion and politics should be separated from each other, well not necessarily in politics in general, but in a society, which is politically constructed for democracy, Democracy is dependent on informed, knowledgable individuals having a vocabulyrical grasp of common communication, an understanding of their own interests, and knowing what they are willing to compromise on“ ”freedoms” for a more civil society where laws and norms increasingly reflect the commonweal . . .
Different individuals have different measurements regarding their freedoms—what is defined as a freedom for one person may be a tyranny for another .
Human beings do not understand much about human behavior but most of us think, or believe, we do, and often have strong opinions about why people do things especially the less we know or understand about who they are and what they are doing.
What you know and how you know it are the two important parts of knowledge—what is it you know and how is it you know it. Science has a Scientific Method, where how you do the experiment is as important as the findings of the experiment. Perhaps not so much how you do it, but how accurately you record how you do it.
Scientific data is empirical, meaning, when another person “ has the experiment methodology information, (usually a scientist, but technically any person) after reading that information, they can do the exact same experiment, and what is the same in both experiments is that the person(s) who does the experiment possess the capability to input data based on the “Same Visual Tools of Observation.” because the in-put sensory tools are human biological senses — i.e. sight, smell, taste,, sound and touch. In science people can always check someone else’s work using the same tools to experience the experiment.
Whatever experiences are in the “knowable range” of human senses are both a benchmark standard qualification and a yardstick quantification.
Humans have feelings and words for those feelings but its not like a cup of water which is the same from one cup to another— people’s personal feelings and words may or may not be the same, but humans do not have the ability to know what whether they are . We cannot get into “the heads of others.” to know someone’s unique feeling sand thoughts and actually, often we are unable to accurately assess our experiences of the common ones we have.
But still we believe we understand others. Religious experiences are personal and unique, people cannot duplicate the religious experiences of another and even if we did , we cannot know we did., even when the words we speak to describe it sound the same.
Religion is mostly “faith-based” beliefs about unanswerable questions regarding some kind of “Highest Level of Truth.” Beliefs about Truth, Your Highest Truth is what you believe to be True, that would be the last thing you want to compromise.. On Earth there are groups of people who believe in different religions.
Politics is about the power to control lives, and the legal right to unilaterally use police or military force to realize that control.
When religion joins with political power, it combines the right of law with particular standard of a belief, A belief is not an empirical reality, many different peoples have many different beliefs.rLaw on the other hand, being political, is written. codified, and enforced, and ideally in a liberal democracy enforced equally but in an authoritarian society law is a tool for social control and personal political power.
You cannot compromise your truth, i.e. your religious beliefs, and when you join them with political power, and the issue is a religious belief there can be no compromise. Religion and democracy do not fit because they do not increase the the power of democracy to settle political differences of opinion through compromise and do increase the likelihood that differences of opinion will be settled by the use of force.
Every time you are in a political situation when different views are held and one view of those involves a religious truth, that side will have a faith based reason to never compromise. If they hold political power, it may mean possible legally sanctioned outcomes such as killing, prison and more, politically legitimized by their belief.
There are real people along Alameda Creek, people who live and will die, who have opinions, maybe different than mine. but when we are on the creek we are together for the same reason, to get some outdoor exercise. In this sense Alameda Creek is an equalizer..
And much of world history is wars between religions, and/ or religion being used to justify war.
Oh my name it ain’t nothin’
My age it means less
The country I come from
Is called the Midwest
I was taught and brought up there
The laws to abide
And that land that I live in
Has God on its side
With God on My Side Bob Dylan
Your religious beliefs are about how you behave, mine about how I behave, but political power should never be used to push or force one’s religion on another. It needs to be independent of religious beliefs.
He’s a Catholic, a Hindu, an Atheist, a Jain
A Buddhist, and a Baptist, and a Jew
And he knows he shouldn’t kill
And he knows he always will
Kill you for me, my friend, and me for you
Universal Soldier written by Buffy Saint Marie
When you mix religion and political power, when trying to force your religious beliefs on others, you believe you are Working for Truth, and it always results in using political power to justify violence and killing.
EndPapers is often focused on “religious” or philosophical themes, some “usual things” juxtaposed with some ”more usual things” and often images of myself. ordered in an illogical way. Its not meant to make sense until it does, but that may be a long time away, either ahead or behind.
While waiting in line to buy gas gas, this shirt stood in front of me, I had to wonder, Is God the Father to be feared? Would you believe in a God who you were afraid of?
Why is there discontent in a society.? Is there Good discontent and Bad discontent? This photograph is maybe 80 years ago in the US. Few of us in the USA live like in this photograph. (Photo from Building America)
Science developed the knowledge that made our lives possible and humanbeings developed science.
And this is me “in the back” maybe 30 years later. The mother above would be about 60 years old then, child might be 30 if still alive. Compared to her and her child it seems I had a much easier material life.
I don’t really know who clicked the shutter,, nor did I know this image was in the can until after I developed the film. I don’t remember ever giving my camera to someone else to hold, I had NikonF then and rolled my own tri-x , 30 frames to a roll. I don’t remember what she was doing,
Even when we think we know what is in someone’s mind by the expression on their face, often we are fooled by what is in our own mind.or maybe its just me that is so easily fooled.
Buddhists monks having lunch after morning chanting. Local people bring food to the temple each day.
Washing one of the 47 graves (+2, Lord Asano Naganori and his wife ) at Sengakuji. The graves are up from the main temple. I buy some incense to burn at each grave. It was a bright Sunny late October afternoon , we were the only ones in this section.
Sengakuji is a Soto zen temple. My wife’s family temple is a satellite of Eiheiji, the home temple of Soto zen.
My wife is from Nagoya area where Lord Kira was quite popular. The story is simple, Lord Asano was disgraced by a non-elected deep state self serving bureaucratic and was sentenced to be disgracefully executed.. HIs samurai retainers lost their job becoming ronin, disbanded and disappeared, only to have 47 emerge in the snow one December evening, kidnap Lord Kira, take him to Sengakuji and cut off his head. Their reward was they were allowed to commit seppuku.
Gate gate paragate, parasangate bodhi svaha