Miss Shun, Miss Ed & Miss Chief

U&LC was one of the first publications to focus on the emerging “design community”, published by the International Typeface Corporation (ITC) and art directed by Herb Lubalin, —you have seen some typfaces with is name. The purpose was to market their typefaces to designersi n the emerging design and photo type business.

U&lc refers to upper & lower case . When metal type was used for printing the letters were cast in metal and stored in flat wooden cases with different spaces for different letters.— the “a”s in one area, the “b”s in one the “b” s in another area, ,etc.. larger area for the “e”s and smaller area for the “z”s, etc.

While working the type setter would select the letter from the case and put in the correct place on the composition tool. The letter cases were stored on shelves with the capital letters on top and the small letters below., The type setter knew by feel where each letter was and the capitals and small letters were respectively called upper and lower case. When wanting to use capitals and small letters, a designer would specify “u&lc.” to the type setter

Designers from all over would sent their requests .

which became part of the content.

The design sense of this one may be before the experience of designers who were not working in the field before computers. Before printed marketing materials became became ubiquitous, the work was much simpler and the designers were called “graphic artists.” As the importance of design quality grew, graphic designers brought an identity of professionalism and respect.

The term “graphic artist” increasing came to refer to the people that did basic mechanical work and some spot illustrations while designer was used to refer to creatives .

Sometimes presenting visual design concepts to a client marketing group there would be an older “veteran of the business,” so to speak, who did not like the design, or or thought he or she should have been the one to “select” the designer, maybe thought they know more about design than every one else in the room, or who knows what? A chip on on a shoulder.? While everyone else was referring to me as the “designer,” that individual woulds use the term “graphic artist” as often and in as demeaning a manner as possible. This one captures the essence of that period, you get it at the last line, note the corners, hahahaha, I can remember drawing solid lines with a ruling pen and then cleaning the corners and cutting the layer off the paper to make the equal pieces of white. Later you could buy lines on transparent tape, tape them in place and trim the corners. and even later press on broken lines with corners.

Alameda Creek

Sometimes it may seem as if my words flit from one thing to another with no sense of connection, no clear bridge from one line to another.

I have some sort of an “Attention deficit” disorder.. I can follow what I am writing and its relationship to the images as I am doing it, but for others it might seem like reading Finnegans Wake . . .

later when proofing I see other ways it could be read,

Nothing more than a walking man with his head hidden by a leafy branch. Maybe he runs into some one on the trail, gets infected by covid and dies; maybe he buys a winning lottery ticket; For this one moment, a window between past and future, he is in a harmony which may last for 1/25th of a second.and somewhere in the universe that 125th of a second image may be traveling around at the speed of light, searching for an eye to finally express itself..

What kind of memory is enabled in a photograph? Is it memory which may not last as long a photograph but will last for a life time.


Mr & Mrs Gary Holt, it seems to me her name was Jun, its been sometime, I cannot remember for sure, I met Gary some years before he married. Gary was a Berkeley Potter, home and workshop located at Fifth Street between Jones and Page. .

Holiday sales were weekends starting the Friday after Thanksgiving through the last weekend before Christmas, an annual Spring sale.

Chawan, I think he called this a salt soluble, has a Miro-esque feeling to it, one of his first ones of a series.

Guinomi by Gary Holt; ki-seto tokkuri by Kagami Shugai

I am not yet quite my farther”s age in this photo of him—sometimes I reflect on getting old, arthritis in the hips; fingers and hands significantly less functional; and so on, he lived with encroaching Alzheimer’s, this was the second to last time I saw him functional.
The last time, the next Christmas holidays, we drove around at night looking at the holiday lights. Later, a bottle of wine and, again, for a last time, we went one by one through his collection of 60 netsukes; where he got it, what moved him to buy it; and so on. He was an engineer and the netsukes were the closest, perhaps the only, Art , in which we could overlap.
He was most impressed by the hand craftsmanship; I liked the design creativity; the difference did not matter, we shared something important in life. Sometimes I think my own life got in the way of knowing him better.

“Out of the sly and crafty eyes of many of them leap cupidity,
cruelty, insanity, and crime: From their lopsided faces,
sloping brows and misshapen features may be recognized
the unmistakable criminal type.”

A comment about immigrants spoken by Attorney General Mitchell Palmer US AG 1919-1920

The Palmer Raids,  a series of raids conducted November 1919 and January 1920 by the United States Department of Justice under the administration of President Woodrow Wilson to capture and arrest suspected socialists, especially anarchists and communists, and deport them from the United States.

Having cut off his arm, Eka stood in there in the snow until it reached his knees,
Daruma asked What is you want?”
Eka said,“My mind has no peace please give it a rest.”
“Bring your mind here, I will give it a rest.”
I have searched for that mind, I cannot find it .”
“Then I have put it to rest.”
My less-understood paraphrase from Blyth translation of Mumonkan

My mother, after suffering a stroke, severe memory loss, and expressive aphasia, and at this time, she did not know who was , just the guy who shows up every day. She reaches out to touch the image of her husband of 64 years, they were high school sweet hearts, Deep inside she feels, she1 knows , there is something there, bu even though her mind will not let her remember, it does not stop her from raising her hand and touching his image.

Gate gate paragate, parasamgate, Bodhi Svaha

Hear whee goe, sloe, a gain

I like to listen to music like l read books, just open it up, anywhere, and start reading, anywhere, enjoy reading for awhile and close the book. I oten watch tv the same way, At lunch I make a salad with pita bread, turn on the tv, watch while I eat, and turn it off or sometimes get interested and finish the show, It works well with stations which play the same tv show all day, such as Law & Order. Sometimes I see the end or middle before the beginning or see the middle without seeing the beginning or end and then later see another part.

As a graphic art, photograph, like the other graphic arts, has its own unique character, part technical/part meaning and people can “know that character by feeling.” Artists learn how use a combination of the two. People “trust” a photograph and have learned to “feel” the medium is a photograph and, photograph has an expectation of “some real thing.“

Makes no difference what kind of photograph—news, fashion, catalog, snapshot, selfie, arrest, driver’s license, PR, Art, advertising etc. There is a common expectation of something “real” which include the experience of seeing an image which you know by feel” is a photograph and at the same time “know by feel it” is not real, but you understand that the unreal image is a device to understand something else, a metaphor, so to speak, which is “real”.

Kite Day in Franklin Park circa 1970 at Bob and Karen’s crepe stand. You know in this photograph that the color in the sign was not real, but you also know I am not trying to fool or trick you into believing it is or was real and so its visually fun.

You know in Maine it does not really look like this to the human eye, you might like it, you might not, and you may even feel it offends your sense of photography.

Some Japanese Stuff

Hagi, an old Japanese kiln —kiln being an area where the same natural resources were available to an interactive group who shared similar potting and firing techniques and influenced each other.

I went with my son to see him off at Tokyo Station, we ate some curry in an olde style small place, visually it was like being in Master’s Midnight Restaurant run by an elderly couple with a prime piece of Tokyo real estate.

Later in the afternoon bought some sake and takoyaki at Shibuya and as darkness was approaching on a whim exited at Nihonbashi where I came across a store selling Shigaraki art and crafts, where there was a small little bar with tall stools for four people to sit, where you could sample three types of sake from Shigaraki for ¥1000, after which I purchased the one below, very good, very there, and only about $17.

Before drinking I made a poster with tokkuri and guinomi by Shigaraki potters. When drinking and using the guinomi it feels like I just reached over, off the wall grabbed a handful of clay using my hands to mold it into a container and instantly use it to satisfy my thirst. I feel a closer, more direct relationship to the sake.

Folk Art

Every peoples has a folk art appreciated as part of their tradition and usually considered as un- or less-adulterated by society, less alienation from your roots. Japanese folk art has a pureness of artistic intent and technique which is instantly communicated to many people all over this earth.

I used to like shiokara—salty squid— with sake, I still do, but its very salty so now just on special occasions The small ekaratsu plate was made Maruta Munehiko

Yanagi contrasted the contemporary potter who attends Art School, takes courses, absorbs and studies different technique of others to present their final creative style to the world, “their own unique style,” to the traditional potter who as kid grows up sweeping the floor, cleaning the kiln, doing odd jobs, delivering to customers. and learns one piece of one technique here and there, alwyas with some responsibility for the product , that culminates into one style, the stye of the kiln, the “true style.”

For Yanagi, the pots of the contemporary potter come from the intellect while those of the traditional pottery come directly from the heart.

That is Folk Art, it comes directly from the heart

In Japanese folk art may be referenced by the term Mingei or  民芸. It has a certain distinctive superficiality—i.e. the visual experience is easily, directly and with minimal, if any, viewer effort preparation, communicated to most people.

For some purposes one may, traditionally, differentiate Japanese pottery into Kyoto style, kyo-yaki and folk style or Rokkoyo kilns which specifically refers to six old kilns, yet all over Japan are found “folk kilns” with a history and style of a their own. Yaki refers to “fired thing.”

Kyo style is associated with Kyoto, the emperor, nobility, sophistication .complexity, technical perfection as differentiated from folk style. of simple , common, everyday and technical imperfections may be highly valued.

Celedon pots, a kyo style could hold hold liquid—an essential quality of a pot— before that ability was part of folk style pottery. Kyo style may often be made with porcelain and have more complex design requiring a sense of disciplined effort and knowledge to appreciate it while the folk stye may evoke the appreciation simply, directly and instantly.

Father; tokkuri and son; guinomi. Ki-seto is from the Mino-Seto area. My understanding is that Ki-seto was the first Japanese folk-style which enabled mass producing of pots which would hold liquid.

Alameda Creek

These are “blanket designs” using a small image of myself usually holding the small camera in my hand, repeating it to create patterns as a blanket or rug. Below is the image I used and the pattern created using it.

Still daily I walk, with the Covad crowd, its my everyday escape from the house. People come out, it seems safer than other activities. I guess I am pretty lucky, I have house on the suburbs to live in, a place near my house to walk everyday, reasonably safe convenient areas to shop.

How do you think the path to “normal” will unfold? Will there be a “new normal?” Of course it will be different, Does a “reversion to the mean” have meaning here.

The first couple weeks the Alameda Creek Levee was crowded with new walkers and bicycle riders who had their own rules about the unspoken path protocols .

Will there be sitcoms which enable us laugh at ourselves,? until we finally become so sick of the stereo types and look around to find Covad is in past. something about which we we fondly warn our children who do not understand what we are talking about —and we say “You will have had to be there”

I was burnin 1945 and remember while growing up in the 1950s and1960s thinking the 1940s was way back history and the ’20s and ’30s was ancient history. Yet today, in my mind, the 1950s seems like yesterday.

I have been walking this creek almost every day for at least 20 years. One young woman who I have seen twice now, once about six months ago and again a few weeks ago. At our first encounter she was made at me for walking on the side of the path because she was walking on it. Its not paved and better for my knees. I walk there eveyr day.

On the second encounter ,probablyfour to five months after the first , she again was angry at me, beginning her “comments” with“What is wrong with you I told you before you cannot walk there!!!

But the people using the path has changed, some regulars stopped going because there were too many path newbies who were too rude, or perhaps too dangerous for the Covad,

Many them were left

Its hardest of all to see homeless with their collection of possessions.

Shado Blankets

When I read about “String Theory” And when it started talking about more dimensions I cannot logically go there. Dimensions are the units our five biological senses measure and are tools human created for survival. Dimensions are how we as humans interact with the universe.

These are “blanket designs” using a small image of myself usually holding the small camera in my hand, repeating it to create patterns as a blanket or rug. above is the image an below is the pattern created using it.

What are these things we call dimensions. One dimension— a point?? There is no such thing as a point. Two dimensions? Euclid (the author of The Elements) is clear, there are no one or two dimension things in reality.

But then I thought how about a shadow? A shadow has no dimensions yet humans share the same sensaul experience of a shadow, there is a common word for it in all languages , we can measure it in two dimensions and there is no height to those two dimensions. that is when I started making photos of my shadow andthenlater making these Shado-Blanket designs.

My parents retired to Albuquerque in early 1980s and when visiting I would browse “Old Town”and especially an Indian rug store where I would spend time s if in a museum looking at the designs of the “rugs” or “blankets.” Of course the Pueblo weavers used imagary based on nature while this “self absorbed” designer uses images based on himself.

Then and now I also had an interest in pottery, which was wetted by seeing Pueblo pottery and the combination of the design ideas of both pottery and blankets was interesting.

Its not that these these look like Pueblo Indian blankets or are even meant to imitate them or culturally mis-appropriate them, they are fun.

I once remember Stephen Hawking say (my summary) “Philosophy had been leading Science and guiding Knowing for a long time, but now Science was ahead of Philosophy (in knowing) and Philosophy would never catch up until Science “knew everything”— and then he said that day was coming.

I may not have stated his exact words but I believe they express his opinion as concerns Knowing and the relstionship between Science and Philosophy. And my personal opinion, like Camus in The Myth of Sisyphus it just goes on and on, there is no end.

The book Flatland by Edwin Abbott, published 1884 is a satirical novel which described how humans would function in a two-dimensional world.

End Closing

Krishna, Where are you when I need you???

Its obvious what Krishna is doing and can be doing it twice at the same time, the wonders of painting, but I wonder what everyone else is doing.

Previously I mentioned Shigaraki sake and pottery and did not want to mix this with that but still wanted to mention San Fransisco potter Bonita Cohn who has been influenced by Shigaraki potters, she has dug her own clay from the SF area, and her work may show Shigaraki influences, including firing using Amagama kiln (wood fired kiln).
Chawan by Bonita Cohn

Feet always make think I am at the end,

But hundreds of years later Shakespeare is still being heard.

Mu—i Ching, Mu—Tzu and mu-nueme

Six at the beginning means:
Seeking duration too hastily brings misfortune persistently.
Nothing that would further.

I Ching Hexagram 32 Heng/Duration

Alameda Creek, over six months of walking along the levee during the virus, the first few weeks a lot of traffic and then slowly arbitraging its way back to “normal —whatever that is —and settled down,”

. . . and the breakfasts ended, the houses are broken open like pods in the increase of the sun, and they are scattered on the wind of a day’s work.
Let Us Now Praise Famous Men James Agee & Walker Evens

When we watch TV stories and movies we see people interacting with other in common situations, we often identify with the situations. One difference from “our real life” is that there is a script with a pre determined end played by actors who are dressed in the right clothes and rehearse before the performance. And with video and film you can edit. The only time there is an “I wish I did not say that” is when its in the script.

Imagine a national policy which prioritized sustainable non oil energy with an independent study which suggested it implementation might result in 1 million people dying next year, and a similar study suggests that at present two million people die from oil related diseases per year and that will only increase. How do you compare the two? Do you respond with rules or ask you how to minimize al human death.

When someone offers you food, the best thing to do is accept graciously and eat it right away. Polite protests only cause your host’s enthusiasm to wan, and the food gets cold so by the time you get around to eating it, the taste is inferior.
Rosanjin from UNCOMMON CLAY The life and pottery of Rosanjin
Sidney B. Cardozo and Masaaki Hirano

Science is perhaps the only human activity—perhaps the only one— in which errors are systematically criticized and fairly often, in time corrected. This is why we can say that, in science, we often learn from our mistakes, and why we can speak clearly and sensibly about making progress there.
Karl Popper Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

No visible object can be clearly perceived by the human eye except through contrast with the background against which the outlines are drawn and delineated; and no object will have the lines of its contours detached from the background.
Leonardo da Vinci The Genus of Leonardo da Vince Andre Chastel translator: Ellen Callmann

“I was just scared” June protested. “Because of all that other stuff. If you hadn’t stolen that one from Eddie, he wouldn’t have—”
“I didn’t steal it!”
“He didn’t give it to you , did he?”
“I didn’t steal it,” Bobby insisted ,“If you say I stole it, I’ll tell them about your bad

“It isn’t bad!”
“Of course its bad; if it wasn’t bad you’d let me see it.

Dhalgren Samuel Delany

Overgrown garden deserted inthe fall,
Lonely flowers dark inthe evening;
The mountain town is far away—
Farther still, here beyond the walls.
. . .

. . .
What did it come for?
Stay awhile to watch cloudy peaks.
Not finding my hardworking poet friend,
What use is the jug of clear wine I brought?
Su-Tung-Po (1037-1101) for Hsin-ch’eng

I prefer functional pottery, things used, cleaned and stored everyday relative to “non-functional artistic” pottery. Its my preference to use the Art, hold it in my hands, feel the texture while I am eating, or drinking. We are here, we survived, because people figured out to make containers that would hold liquids and store dry foods.

Many analysts have been mislead by electric media because of the seeming ability of these media to extend man’s spatial powers of organization. Electric media , however abolish the spatial dimension, rather than enlarge it. By electricity, we everywhere resume person-to-person relations as if on the smallest village scale.
Understanding Media The Extensions of Man Marshall McLuhan

Camera is different than brush, photograph is different than a painting. The viewer “knows more” about the photographic process than about the painting process, perhaps say the viewer also believes they know more about the process

A couple on their way to church one Sunday morning in the North End, Boston, 1970

A man with ear muffs and gloves on a bike. 1969, Toledo Ohio

James argued that those statements and theories are true that do all the jobs required of them: first and foremost fit all the unknown facts, accord with other well-attested statements and scientific laws of experience, but also withstand criticism, suggest useful insights, yield accurate predictions, and so on and so forth. If a statement meets every such requirement, he asks, what consideration could there be to stop us from calling it “true”? Unfortunately for James, he was widely assumed to be putting forward the crude view that the true is whatever works. The term“pragmatism’ was itself most unfortunate int his respect, for it encouraged the misunderstanding.
The Story of Philosophy Bryan Magee

A face that does not see me because I am hiding, protected from the feelings, behind the windshield of my vehicle . . .

. . . The same protection others have when they are young—ignorance

One afternoon maybe twenty-plus years ago while drinking wine and talking with my father, he fell asleep.
When I shot film then I did not believe it was necessary to make the image in the camera, and, also did my own processing and printing in a darkroom. Its even less necessary, for me, now.

Kentucky Wagon lasted until Mr. Brown went bwnkrupt in 1930. Untilthen, the company stumbled, once a month and every month, to the National Bank of Kentucky where itpaiz $14,000 interest on the debt it owed Mr. Brown. One of Kentucky Wagon’s vice presidents, a man mamed Gigax, said that trying to run a company under those circumstances was like trying to make a Ford go forty miles an hour with a ton of ig iron tied to the end of it.
REAL LIFE Louisville in the Twenties Michael Lesy

The artless dodger

All through human history its obvious that people like Art— paintings, drawings, music, decoration, poetry, dance, sculpture, and so on. While different individuals may have different “tastes” in Art or they may argue what is or is not Art, people like Art.

Here I am stepping on a piece of Art, off to the side there is a sign that says “Please take off your shoes“ but I did not. Not intentionally, but when I realized it, I did not come down immediately, it was too much fun.

In pre-digital graphic design, art (small “a”) referred to anything which was pasted up on a board, photographed using high contrast film which was used to burn an offset printing plate to be put on a printing press.

Along Alameda Creek Levee , I walk everyday, well not exactly everyday, but very close . . .

We know the universe through our five senses, and and, maybe in some part, reason—another human created tool. In Art sensual feeling is another way of knowing. The eye of the visual artist feels information about the qualities of things and expresses those qualities.

Its been over five months since Covad 19, everyday walking along the creek levee with my little Nikon 8200 camera.

Where for most people what they see goes through the eye to the brain which defines what they have seen—I see a house!. But for the visual artist the image does not go to the brain, but stays on the eye and is known visually as line, texture, color, shape, gesture, and the relationships between them —the visual qualities.

Art does not have to be anything in particular, it can be political, it can be decorative, it can have hidden meanings or superficial meanings, it can serious, it can be light hearted fun. Its often said that Art is in the eye of the beholder and rules are made to be broken.

But there are some rules to Art. Visual Art, like music, is about creating tension and resolving it, visual art creates a visual tension and resolves it visually; music creates an audio tension and resolves. it.
In visual art, the tension— a visual question which seeks an answer— attracts your eye like an accident on the road attracts rubber neckers. The resolution is when the visual question is visually answered, and when this process is successful the viewer feels it instantly. for and if this is not resolved the reader moves on.

Design is different than art . . . Design is how how the pieces fit together and often what the pieces are.

Design is a part of Art, but also it is its own distinct and separate thing. Artists are often good at design, but not necessarily and designers are designers, not artists by intent. Art may often pose visual questions but commercial or graphic design, such as in designing an advertisement, or a brochure is not about posing visual questions, but eliminating visual questions. NO reader of an adorable a brochure should ask “Is this an ad Isthis a brochure? Where do I start reading? or How do I read this? What is going on here?—yet all may be legitimate questions for the Artist .

On weekends its crowded with bike riders, and a general increase in dog poop.

For the commercial designer, design is an end in itself. In marketing communications design, marketing has an objective (hopefully) and a strategy to realize that objective (hopefully). The work of the designer is to visually implement that strategy to realize the marketing objective—the feel of the visual experience of the ad should communicate through feeling any questions about how to read the ad—such as this is an ad (its not an editorial or article) ; where to start reading; where to go next; where to end reading; where is the message—it wants to get you to the message which you may accept or reject.

The goats are back again along Alameda Creek. A goat herd is hired to eat up the growing stuff along the creek and sides of the levee. Sheep were there last month.

The designer wants to minimize the time spread between the moment the viewer initially experiences the ad and the viewer getting to the content of the ad—unless the strategy of the visual experience of the ad is make that difficult. These are decisions made instantly by feelings. This is when you are reading a magazine and you turn the page “without thinking” —you are not “thinking ” but you are “knowing by the feeling of the page and instantly have made a decision to go on that honest page. The opposite is true too, if there is something on that page that interests you, you will know that by the feel of the page and make a decision without thinking.

Maine is cold in the winter time

A painting or drawing hanging on my wall would be very boring if everyday I had the same visual experience with it. Visual Art needs to have a visual experience which grows with the viewer.

When I see images of the cold in Maine I remember the fun snow is , but then the memories of the reality are automatically recalled.

Photographs as Art have their own situation, people commonly associate a photograph as a visual record of a real moment in time. If they do not recognize what they see, they begin thinking about What is it? and alienate themselves from the visual experience.

Finding out who you are can get very competitive and introverts like myself tend to try to hide among the feelings —if yuo saw me here you would think I was someone else.

On the other hand an advertisement wants to create a common visual experience. The purpose is not to encourage the viewer to have their own independent experience but to have the same experience as everyone else an dwhen that works is that common experience positive towards the content.

At the cross roads where both choices go up

We may expect the artist have the skill in their own hands to create their vision. For the designer its the vision that matters and the designer, as art director, may use others for their skills to realize their vision. This is reasonable as the designer is a “commercial artist,” their vision is to design a solution which works for others while the artist is about creating their own vision. How close do you think the artist should be to the skills needed to produce the art?

Before I came to California in 1979 I lived in Cambridge MA. Once a year Philip Guston would hold an evening presenting works, comments and taking questions,— I attended once, he showed his klan series. Link to a new exhibition of Philip Guston. In his early career before this style he was known as an abstract expressionist.

The artist practices their skill to respond to their feelings without thinking.

Daruma is the historical character of the man who brought “zen” from India to China in the 6th century. More specifically he brought Dhyana to China which became Chan and in Japan is Zen. A KnoWay Daruma .

When Japanese get a new Daruma “doll” there are no eyes in it, just two white circles. Make a wish, draw in an eye, if the wish comes true draw in the second eye. Many people buy a Daruma at New’s Year or at Jindaiji Temple Daruma Doll Fair where people come to buy a new Daruma and burn an old one.

Sometimes to much of a good thing makes yo stop wondering.

There is another interesting use of the word “art.” When a skill or profession for which there is very specific training yet some individuals have a special “knack” outside of and beyond that specific training is described as “the art of” —the art of the medicine ; the art of sales; the art of carpentry. In the West that is what often some use to separate Craft from Art.

An Acoma bowl, maybe 1950s or later? Acoma is one style of Southwest Indian pottery. If you are ever about 45 miles west of Albuquerque on Highway 40 stop and buy some pottery. If you take the tour you may get the opportunity to purchase inperson from the artist.

The sense of Art is that its a meaningful human expression beyond the ability of words. Except that using words is an Art, or is the writer just a craftsman with unexplainable word abilities, a wordsmith, theocrat of writing and only some of them have the Art of writing? (That’s a joke.)

Gary Holt , chawan, Berkeley potter, It was one of his early “soluble” (I think that was his term) chawans. It felt like Miro to me.

Last night I broke a piece of pottery, every once in awhile it happens, it tears out a piece of my heart, it reminds me how impermanent is my life—but then there is the zen of it, I buy a pottery because I like it, I enjoy using it, when it breaks, because it will, get another one.

Gate, Gate, Paragate, Parasamgate, bodhi svaha

From my collection of “functional pottery ” which includes work from Berkeley potters during the 1980s, other local areas of San Francisco, four Chinese bowls with hand painted roosters, one bowl from Roswell NM, purchased as a set of four from the local Art Museum and one bowl from an Old Town pottery store which featured local potters around Albuquerque.

Whatever is Art, knowing what Art is is not as important as having it.


My working chair is maybe ten years old, I sit in it everyday in front of a computer. It uses three pillows, or four, your choice—a flat one to sit on, a flat one in back  and one using a zippered case to hold two pillows which at one time was not flat but rather plumpish and now has been deformed  into flatness.

San Francisco,  South Market


It has a lever which can be used to adjust the height of the seat, but a few years ago it started occasionally malfunctioning. I am over 6 ft tall and generally prefer  the highest seat level, and now when it is at that level ccasionally when I sit down the mechanism fails to hold, but it does not drop down at once, instead it  retreats in a series of “bumps” when I am in the middle of doing something and me initial response is not to immediately stop what I am doing  but to reach a finishing point.

Alameda Creek, Union City side 


This whole event takes about 15-20 seconds through 10-12 bumps down which increasingly  prompts my mind  to be increasingly  diverted  from focus on what I am doing  and instead of stopping whatI am doing, I continue while increasingly  building a “ personal victim of the chair”  feeling.

Photography Studio, shopping center, Minowa, Tokyo, 


As I said it takes about 15-20 seconds  and then I reach the bottom which is the uncomfortable   level and then  I need to pump up the seat — Oh one more thing, the lever used  to pump up the seat level— I used to , while seating down,  using my right hand reach under the seat and pump it up.

Waiting for a son, Telegraph Hill


However the pump  is also broken  so I have stand up, go around to the back of the chair, then using  one hand to reach under the chair hold the lever  in the “open moving ” position, pull it upwards to raise the seat  while at the same time using the other hand to hold the whole chair stable to provide a center force.

Found in translation, Tokyo Metro


I manage to do this  by myself ,eachtwie thinking I need to buy a new char, but at 75  I have stopped buying things  which I used to consider  a “long time” purchase,.

At least for five years, the only clothes I have bought are socks and underwear. And still I have new clothes, waiting to be worn, in  original branded plastic bags. I may die before they are ever even opened.

Boston Common about 1970


Why is integrity in business important?  Is a good question—my own thoughts are formed by sociology, theroetical sociology, not the breaking up individuals  into quantifiable social groups  and then using statistics to explain differences.

While walking on the street  and you find yourself approaching someone do you think “they are watching me like I am watching them”?   San Francisco along Market street.


Business is what we all do to live. Many years ago it used to be simple hunting and gathering, agriculture, raising families.  While the development of economic growthl ed to  less killing there was development of  government,  but a government of  group of privileged  exploiting others and using violence  to maintain their economic   advantages. Political order and maintaining privilege  were one and the same.

San Francisco, Along Mission Bay.


In early days “things” were functional tools used for survival. One assumption, I call it an “historical observation” is that as people do things they get better at it, not each person at every thing, but generally both individuals and a society.

Shino is a traditional Japanese kiln which developed in the Seto-Mino area. A kiln refers to a geographical area with a tradition of potters sharing  the same clay, and similar  potting and firing techniques.


As the privilege class grew increasingly wealthy they became more fascinated with a status based on“things”, and the design and craft of things, for the privileged, evolved from functional  to  fashion.

Oribe and Seto Guro are also from Seto-Mino area 


Where “craft” had made functional things used in every day life, “things” artistically done made the everyday use of things meaningful  beyond functionality.

Pretty much I wash the dishes  every night we eat at home, I wash them behind, we redid the kitchen  about 15 years ago and had a new dishwasher installed but its never been used.You can see shino, oribe,  setoguro, mashiiko, setoyaki, bizen, hagi as well as a couple Berkely potters—Gary Holt and  a coupe more I have forgotten and cannot read the signature.


In England, Magna Charta (my thank you to Wiliam Marshal) de-legitimized the idea that some people were “naturally”  more deserving than others and  that the purpose of government was  to maintain a privilege class while legitimizing that  the structure and process of government be made democratic, not autocratic.

Near downtown Albuquerque one morning outside a place which provided breakfasts   before a 6:00 am opening time I saw this woman and thought I did not want my mother, about 72 years then,  to be in this situation, and she never was.


The vision of Liberal Democracy is based on Individual Rights, Law is  Justice, political power is distributed  equally among all people, individuals have a responsibility to learn to express themselves articulately, listen to others who also do, a  willingness to do this  in public discussion and a commitment  to seek solutions and compromise for the common good.

Young people like to spend time  together at this place along Alameda Creek, Union City side.  


This  is better than the idea of god,  god is a belief, you cannot compromise  your belief in god, and you will not compromise  your belief in god, thus your only recourses are submission, migration or to use violence to dominate, none of which will work  successfully  in a democracy.

San Francisco


How we behave, how we treat each other is what creates the structure of society, business, how we earn our  living (business )  and sleeping is our  predominate behaviour. While sleeping we do not, personally anyway,  make the lives of others or society worse.

Three men of different ages  from Salem ME, about 1970.

If during our business behaviour  —and business time is the time we spend earning our living and not what ever is our job title, we are all CEOs of our lives —if  we are cheating, scamming, killing, stealing, making and selling poor quality products, reneging on agreements  . . .

For me it does not make sense to say anything more about this situation.


then not just the transaction but the world is a worse place when our “business”  behaviors are expressed  in the structure of how we treat each other,  and how you,  I  and others will be treated the future.

Somerville MA about 1971


Integrity, ethics, principals, honesty, compassion, empathy and remorse are not the qualities of losers, but they do lose some battles. But  when despicable people,  people whose business behavior  does not have some or all of the qualities of integrity, ethics, principals, honesty, compassion, empathy and remorse are involved it does mean many  innocent human beings. will suffer and die.

Yes, I would only like to know you
That is all and nothing more
But I will go unbounded
Waiting outside of your door
Eric Anderson  I Shall  Go Unbounded


Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely . If only every one in the world would do what I tell them to do, the world would be a better place—I see that could be said about any one of us, one part is not our lack good ideas,  most of us have them . . .


In  many situations  the only way to get others to behave as  you want them to do is making them do  it which always defaults to using force and violence which results in defeating the intent and making society a worse place.

How the view looks to the graves of the 47 Ronin at Sengakuji.


Shariputra, all dharmas have the nature of emptiness . . .

“Gate Gate,
body svaha.”